The syndrome is a group of metabolic risk factors associated to insulin resistance and increased risk of cardiovascular disease. With the presence of increased waist circumference medically categorised as per >102 cm for men and >88 cm for women, elevated or increased level of triglycerides > 150 mg/dL, lowered levels of good cholesterol or HDL which is less than 40 mg/dL for men and 50 mg/dL for women, hypertension or increased usage of antihypertensive medications and impaired fasting glucose the trouble can be referred as a metabolic syndrome.
The condition can be referred as a cluster of metabolic risk factors that are observed together in a single individual. This can be further categorized as insulin resistance, hypertension, abnormalities in maintaining the levels of cholesterol and increased risks of blood clotting. Generally, the condition is commonly observed in individuals who are obese and overweight.
Metabolic syndrome is normally observed as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. The condition majorly arises due to insulin resistance associated with an abnormal function and pattern of body fat. Insulin resistance is the diminished ability of cells to respond to the action of insulin promoting the transport of the sugar glucose from blood to muscles and the other specific tissues.
Also known as X Syndrome, this metabolic syndrome is a insulin resistance syndrome commonly observed in adult individuals.
Risk Factors of Metabolic Syndrome
For this particular health condition, it is the genetic and environmental factors responsible for increasing the risks of developing Metabolic Syndrome in individuals. More commonly, generic elements or factors plays an equivalent role as that of the environmental factors in increasing the risks of developing Metabolic Syndrome.
As far as the genetic risk factors are involved these influence each individual component of the syndrome and the health condition itself. This can be referred as a family history which includes existence of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, early diagnose of heart disease etc are some of the commonly observed risk factors developing the metabolic syndrome in the individual.
Coming to the environmental risk factors issues like low activity level, sedentary lifestyle, lack of nutritional intake, progressive weight gain etc are some of the major environmental risk factors significantly contributing in increasing the risks of metabolic Syndrome.
About 5 % of people with a normal body are prone to developing metabolic syndrome due to weight gain. About 22% of those who are considered as overweight and 60% of those considered as obese. In adults, those who continue to gain five or more pounds every year are seeing an increasing risk of developing metabolic syndrome up to 45%
The risk factors of this particular X syndrome, is also seen in greater risks in women experiencing the phase of post-menopausal stage, individuals having a habit of smoking, consuming excessively high carbohydrate diets and lack of physical activity.
Signs and symptoms of Metabolic Syndrome
Generally it is a condition which has no symptoms or accurate signs which can be diagnosed and assured. If an individual has a risk of developing Metabolic Syndrome, it is particularly observed as large waist circumference and increase in body weight.
Metabolic syndrome needs to be taken care of to reduce the risks of type 2 diabetes and heart diseases. These are two of the most commonly observed chronic illnesses today. Some other concerns about the X syndrome are in connection with the fat accumulation in the liver resulting in inflammation and is the higher risk for potential cirrhosis.
The presence of condition can also affect kidneys as there is an core association with microalbuminuria or the leaking of protein in the urine, this can be known as subtle but clear indication of kidney damage.
Other problems associated to metabolic syndrome include obstructive sleep apnea, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and increased risk of dementia in concerns to aging and cognitive decline in elder adults.
General information on metabolic syndrome:-
Basically, it is a routine and lifestyle disorder which is worth caring as it develops a significant risk in developing the chances of type 2 diabetes and heart disease. The condition is majorly associated to unhealthy lifestyle, improper eating habits, lack of physical work out and adherence to habit of smoking. A simple step by going ahead with a healthier routine and lifestyle will play a key role n reducing the risks of developing metabolic syndrome in individuals. The condition is seen on an increased stage in younger individuals today. Complete healthcare with nutritional routine helps make a positive approach.
Treatment for Metabolic Syndrome;-
There isn’t any specific medication indicated to help individuals overcome the metabolic syndrome, it entirely depends on the lifestyle one follows. This syndrome largely depends on the lifestyle a person is adhered to. The dietary habits, the routine of physical activity and exercise are the key elements in reducing the risks of developing X syndrome at any point of age.
The major goal is to treat both the underlying cause of the syndrome to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes and also to overcome the cardiovascular risk factors if they exists. As mentioned above, a majority of people with metabolic or X syndrome are overweight and follow a sedentary lifestyle. Certain modifications by making a turn over living a healthier lifestyle and reducing excessive pounds can help get control on the syndrome and lead a healthy living without any risks of type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
Similarly, giving up on unhealthy routine habits like cessation of smoking and excessive consumption of alcohol are some of the common measures which can serve as the best treatments to naturally pull back the risk factors developing complexities in increasing the risks of metabolic syndrome.
The external treatments can include cosmetic surgery to remove fat in extreme cases. The surgery is known as liposuction of the abdomen. The process includes removal of the large amount of abdominal fat which can be the big part of the problem. However, this can be carried out as a cosmetic approach and has shown no benefit on insulin sensitivity, blood pressure and cholesterol.